COVID-19 Information

Last updated: December 3, 2021

IMPORTANT INFORMATION

***  Effective December 6, 2021, all airline passengers to the United States ages two years and older, regardless of vaccination status or citizenship, must provide a negative COVID-19 viral test taken within one calendar day of travel.  Alternatively, travelers to the United States may provide documentation from a licensed health care provider of having recovered from COVID-19 in the 90 days preceding travel.  Check the CDC website for additional information and Frequently Asked Questions.

Country Specific Information: Portugal

Non-essential travel to Portugal is PERMITTED. Non-essential travel (i.e., tourist travel) from the United States to Portugal is currently permitted for travelers with an EU Digital COVID-19 Certificate and proof of a negative COVID-19 test (see below for testing details).

COVID-19 TESTING IN PORTUGAL

  • Are PCR and/or antigen tests available for U.S. citizens in Portugal? Yes
  • If so, are test results reliably available within one calendar day? Yes
  • Many testing locations are available, please use an Authorized Laboratory for all testing requirements.
    • Testing is not paid for by the government for travel purposes; U.S. citizens must pay for their own testing.
    • Testing is usually between €30 and €50 (most places accept cash or major credit card
    • Delivery of results vary, but the majority of major laboratories have the ability to deliver result via email, text message, and custom apps. These usually come with a scannable QR code.
  • For the nearest testing facilities and collection consult Portuguese health authorities (SNS) using the Portuguese COVID-19 Health Hotlines:
    • Mainland Portugal – (+ 351) 808 24 24 24 (Press 9 for English)
    • Azores – (+351) 808 24 60 24
    • Madeira – (+351) 800 24 24 20

COVID-19 VACCINE INFORMATION

Entry and Exit Requirements: PORTUGAL

Opening information US Citizens:

  • Are U.S. citizens permitted to enter? Yes
  • Is a negative COVID-19 test (PCR and/or serology) required for entry? Yes
  • Are health screening procedures in place at airports and other ports of entry? Yes (Airport temperature scans and random screenings)

Travel Requirements. US citizens entering Portugal by air will require 1) Authorization, 2) Negative COVID Test, and 3) Passenger Locator Card.

  1. Authorization: Authorization is based on vaccination status and/or flight origin (one of the following is required):
    • Entering from the U.S. (The U.S. is currently considered an accepted country)
    • Entering from inside Schengen zone
    • Entering from outside Schengen zone with accepted proof of vaccination (to include EU Digital Vaccine Certificate; check with airline to confirm which certificates are accepted)
    • Entering from an accepted country as determined periodically by the Portuguese Government (full list here)
  2. Negative COVID Test: All passengers, regardless of vaccination status, must have a negative COVID test (one of the following is required):
    • PCR / NAAT test within 72 hours. A negative SARSCoV-2 lab result of a nucleic acid amplification test (NAAT), for example a PCR test, performed at least 72 hours before boarding, or
    • Antigen / TRAg test within 48 hours. A rapid antigen test (TRAg), performed within 48 hours of boarding
  3. Passenger Locator Card must be completed and submitted. (Different airlines require completion of form before take-off. We advise completing and printing prior to scheduled travel)

*** IMPORTANT NOTE: testing requirements also applies to passengers only transiting Portugal.  Foreign citizens not residents transiting in Portugal must wait for their connecting flight in a specific area inside the airport.***

***Testing requirements are applicable to sea and land travel.

Passengers without a negative test:

  • Foreign nationals / non-residents arriving without a test will be fined (along with the airline) and returned on the next available flight.
  • Portuguese residents may be subject to mandatory testing at the airport at their own expense upon arrival, in addition to a mandatory quarantine by Portuguese health authorities until a negative COVID test can be produced.

Accommodation Requirements: Hotels, Guesthouses, and private vacation rentals (Airbnb, VRBO, etc.).  Accommodations may have different testing requirements, so it is best to check with your hotel before booking/arriving.

One of the following is required upon check-in:

  • Mandatory submission of an EU Digital Vaccination Certificate or accepted vaccination certificate from another country (CDC cards are generally not considered acceptable – please check with your hotel for specifics requirements)

OR

  • If a traveler is unable to prove their vaccinated status, a current negative COVID test result (PCR 72 hours; antigen 48 hours) may be submitted.
    • Guests may only remain at the lodging for the duration of the validity of the test. If tests expire before the end of the stay, guests must continue to present negative tests to remain.
    • For example, a guest staying at a hotel for a week would require at least 3 PCR tests throughout their stay in order to remain at the hotel.

Important Entry Information: Permission for entering Portugal is the sole responsibility of the Portuguese Government. As part of the admission process prior to boarding flights and at the border, travelers must present written evidence or the appropriate visa permitting entry to Portugal. Please note that Portuguese Immigration (SEF) does not review evidence and does not make any determination about admission prior to the travelers’ arrival at the border control.

  • S. Citizens: Are U.S. citizens permitted to enter Portugal? Yes. Current regulations allow U.S. citizens to travel directly from the United States to Portugal for non-essential travel (i.e. tourism) with proof of an accepted COVID-19 test.
  • Expired Portuguese document validity was extended until December 31, 2021. This extended validity period applies to Portuguese-issued, citizen cards (cartão de cidadão), residency documents and visa permits, etc. for lawful stays or residency in Portugal.
    • This extended validity of visas and other documentation is contingent upon submission of a request for an appointment with SEF.
    • For more information and guidance, contact the nearest Portuguese Embassy or Consulate or the Portuguese immigration authorities at the following link: sef.pt
  • Travelers holding a residency permit or possessing a residency visa issued by the Portuguese authorities, or legal residents of an EU country or family members of an EU citizen, are also allowed to enter or transit Portugal for non-essential travel. Essential travel as determined by Portuguese authorities is currently permitted such as for professional purposes, study, family reunification, medical, or humanitarian travel.
    • Non-essential travel (tourist travel) from the European Union, from Schengen-associated countries (Liechtenstein, Norway, Iceland, Switzerland), and from the U.K. is also allowed.
    • Long-term visa holders, such as students, may be permitted, but travelers should contact the nearest Portuguese Embassy or Consulate to confirm that their visa permits entry.
    • Borders: Land borders between Portugal and Spain are open.

Movement Restrictions (Country Opening Status)

Is a curfew in place? No

Are there restrictions on intercity or interstate travel? No

Portugal is in a countrywide State of Calamity effective December 1, 2021. Under the State of Calamity, the Portuguese Government can impose obligatory quarantine for individuals infected with COVID-19 and individuals deemed by health officials to require special medical observation.

As of December 1, 2021

  • Restaurants, bars, disco, cafés, and cultural events/shows continue to function under normal hours at full capacity. Weddings, christenings, and similar celebrations now at full capacity
  • Max capacity at commercial/retail spaces increased (venue dependent)
  • Safety Measures
  • Masks:
    • Indoors: Mandatory use of protective masks in all indoor spaces such as commercial establishments (restaurants, stores, malls, public transportation, etc.)
    • Outdoors: Local health authorities (DGS) may require use of face mask for certain specific outdoor events.
  • Distancing: Social Distancing measures are recommended (to include mandatory use of protective masks in closed public spaces).
  • Curfews: Is a curfew in place? No.

As of January 3 to January 9, 2022: Partial shutdown. For this week the following venues will have limited or modified opening status:

  • Telework will be mandatory
  • Discos and bars will be closed
  • Schools will be closed
Level 1

Vaccination Certification: EU Digital Vaccination Certificate or accepted vaccination certificate from another country (CDC cards may not be accepted)

OR

Negative Test: If a visitor is unable to prove their vaccinated status, a current negative COVID test result (PCR 72 hours; antigen 48 hours) may be submitted.

Cafés and Restaurants (indoors)
Tourist locations
Cultural events
Gymnasiums
Family events (namely weddings and baptisms)
Level 2
Negative Test: Mandatory presentation of a negative PCR or antigen test (PCR 72 hours; antigen 48 hours) – regardless of vaccination status Visitors to nursing homes
Visitors to health facilities;
Large events (sports events, concerts, etc) without seating assigned
Bars
Discos

 

Capacity Information:

  • Cafés and Restaurants: Full capacity permitted
  • Schools: In-person classes open for all schools and universities
  • Museums, conference, and cultural centers: Open to the public.
  • Grocery stores and supermarkets: Regular business hours with mask.
  • Public Services: Lojas do Cidadão Open for in-person services
  • Stores and shopping centers: Regular business hours with mask in malls.
  • Sports: Venue-specific. Spectators must adhere to DGS rules and regulations.
  • Gymnasiums: Fully open in accordance with DGS health and safety regulations
  • Cultural events: Open to the public at full capacity.
  • Hairdressers, manicurists, and barbers: Open to the public.
  • Weddings and baptisms: Full capacity permitted.
  • Discos and Bars: Full capacity (but different testing requirements, see above)
  • Telework is recommended (**Telework will be mandatory from January 2, 2022 to January 9, 2022)

Quarantine Information

Can U.S. citizens be required to quarantine? Yes. Travelers are not able to board an outbound flight from Portugal to the United States without a negative COVID test.  Under the State of Contingency, the Portuguese Government can impose mandatory quarantine for individuals who test positive for COVID-19 and individuals deemed by health officials to require special medical observation.

Quarantine Information: Attempting to pass immigration authorities or board a plane with a positive COVID test will result in a 10-day quarantine. Due to increased instances of mandatory detention by health authorities, we do not recommend same day airport testing.

U.S. citizens arriving from Mozambique, South Africa, Botswana, Eswatini, Lesotho, Namibia and Zimbabwe, will have to fulfil a mandatory 14 -days quarantine upon entering in Portugal at their residence or a location designated by the Portuguese Health Authorities.

  • Rapid Tests at Airports Strongly Discouraged: We have seen increased instances of travelers attempting to complete a rapid test at the airport, only to receive a positive test result and be detained, sometimes for hours, and forced to quarantine for the mandatory 10 days at the traveler’s expense.
  • Positive tests from vaccinated persons: There have also been several instances of positive tests from vaccinated individuals. Despite being asymptomatic, individuals have been forced to take an ambulance to quarantine facilities to wait the required 10 days, at the traveler’s expense.
  • Breakthrough Cases: There have also been several instances of breakthrough cases. Vaccinated individuals should remain vigilant and ensure that they adhere to all COVID restrictions and health guidelines.
  • U.S. Embassy Lisbon is unable to help travelers avoid or shorten government-mandated quarantines.

Transportation Options

  • Are commercial flights operating? Yes
  • Is public transportation operating? Yes

Fines for Non-Compliance

  • Non-compliance with restrictions and measures can be punishable with fines and /or prosecution for “disobedience”.
  • Failure to present a COVID-19 test at the airport upon arrival in Portugal is a violation resulting in fines. Portuguese authorities will enforce this requirement.

Consular Operations

Due to the COVID-19 situation in Portugal and for the health and safety of the public and our personnel, routine consular services have resumed with the requirements to wear masks and adhere to social distancing.

*** Consular operations will close from January 3 to January 9, 2022

  • American Citizen Services are being offered online for routine services outside of the first week of January 2022. Please visit our website at pt.usembassy.gov for more information.
    • Emergency: If you have an emergency, contact the American Citizen Services Unit at conslisbon@state.gov
  • Visa Services have resumed but will be closed the first week of January 2022. Please visit our website at pt.usembassy.gov for more information related to visa services and new vaccine travel requirements.

Azores Specific

  • Passengers aged 12 and older arriving to the Azores, even on domestic flights from outside the Azores, must either submit one of the following:
    • An EU digital Covid certificate (other proof of vaccination, such as a white CDC card, is not acceptable at this time); or
    • A negative COVID-19 RT-PCR test taken 72 hours prior to departure; or
    • A negative rapid antigen test (TRAg) performed within 48 hours of boarding; or
    • Proof of recovery from the disease within the last 90 days; or
    • Must test upon arrival and remain in isolation until the results are known. [Note: this option is not available from the United States. Travelers from the United States must submit proof listed above prior to boarding.]
  • To speed the process on arrival, the Regional Government of the Azores suggests travelers complete a health questionnaire at least 72 hours before disembarking.
  • Tests for travel to the United States are readily available at labs and pharmacies in the Azores on Monday – Friday. Please note that testing is not available/extremely limited on weekends. Those travelling to the United States on the weekend or on Monday should account for the lack of testing on weekends when making plans.

For more information on testing and other requirements, visit: Covid19Azores. For more information on entry requirements, visit: SEF Covid 19 FAQS.

Madeira Specific

  • Anyone arriving to Madeira, even on domestic flights from outside Madeira, must either provide proof of a negative COVID-19 test taken 72 hours prior to departure or provide proof of vaccination or recovery from the disease. To speed the process on arrival, the Regional Government of Madeira suggests travelers complete a health questionnaire between 48 and 12 hours prior to disembarking.
  • For more information on testing and other requirements, visit Covid19Madeira. For more information on entry requirements, visit: SEF Covid 19 FAQS

Entry and Exit Requirements: United States

Overview

  • Testing Requirements: Effective December 6, 2021, all airline passengers to the United States ages two years and older, regardless of vaccination status or citizenship, must provide a negative COVID-19 viral test taken within one calendar day of travel.  Alternatively, travelers to the United States may provide documentation from a licensed health care provider of having recovered from COVID-19 in the 90 days preceding travel.  Check the CDC website for additional information and Frequently Asked Questions.
  • Vaccinations: All non-immigrant, non-U.S. citizen air travelers to the United States will be required to be fully vaccinated and to provide proof of vaccination status prior to boarding an airplane to the United States. Vaccination exemptions will be considered by the CDC on an extremely limited basis. Please visit the CDC webpages for more information about exemptions and the requirement for proof of negative COVID-19 test or recovery from COVID-19 for all air passengers arriving in the United States. – CDC Waiver Request

Testing / Vaccination Requirements for U.S. Citizens (incl. LPRs and U.S. Nationals)

Adults

  • U.S. citizens traveling to the United States must present documentation of their vaccination status alongside their negative test result conducted one day prior to boarding.

Children

  • Children under 2: Children under two years of age are excepted from the testing requirement, however the CDC recommends a pre-departure test for these children whenever possible.
  • Vaccinated Children: Vaccinated children are eligible to travel alone; must show 1) proof of vaccination and 2) a negative COVID test result taken within one day of travel.
  • Unvaccinated Children: Children between 2 and 17 are required to take a pre-departure test but are not required to be fully vaccinated.
  • Traveling with a vaccinated adult: If an unvaccinated citizen child is traveling with a fully vaccinated adult, 1) the accompanying adult must demonstrate proof of vaccination 2) the child must have a negative COVID test result taken within one day of travel.
  • Traveling with an unvaccinated adult: If an unvaccinated U.S. citizen child is traveling with an unvaccinated adult(s), the child must have a negative COVID test result taken within one day of travel.

Testing / Vaccination Requirements for Non-U.S. Citizens

     Adults

  • Noncitizens seeking to enter the United States by air must show 1) proof of vaccination and 2) a negative COVID test result taken within one day of travel.

Children

  • Children under 2: Children under two years of age are excepted from the testing requirement, however the CDC recommends a pre-departure test for these children whenever possible.
  • Vaccinated Children: Vaccinated children who are eligible to travel alone must show 1) proof of vaccination and 2) a negative COVID test result taken within one day of travel.
  • Unvaccinated Children: Children between 2 and 17 are required to take a pre-departure test but are not required to be fully vaccinated.
    • Traveling with a vaccinated adult: If an unvaccinated non-U.S. citizen child is traveling with a fully vaccinated adult, proof of vaccination 1) the accompanying adult must demonstrate proof of vaccination 2) the child must have a negative COVID test result taken within one day of travel.
    • Traveling with an unvaccinated adult: Non-citizen children traveling with unvaccinated, non-citizen parents are not eligible for travel.
    • Traveling Alone: Unvaccinated non-citizen children traveling alone are not eligible for travel.

Proof of Vaccination: Proof of vaccination should be a paper or digital record issued by an official source and should include the traveler’s name and date of birth as well as the vaccine product and date(s) of administration for all doses the traveler received.

Returning on an Expired U.S. Passport: If you are overseas and your passport expired on or after January 1, 2020, you may be able to use your expired passport to return directly to the United States until December 31, 2021. You may qualify for this exception if all the following are true:

  • You are a U.S. citizen.
  • You are currently abroad seeking direct return to the United States.
  • You are flying directly to the United States, a United States territory, or have only short-term transit (“connecting flights”) through a foreign country on your direct return to the United States or to a United States Territory.
  • Obtaining a fall validity passport as soon as possible is still recommended

Please read https://travel.state.gov/content/travel/en/international-travel.html for more information.

Local Resources

Other Links

Assistance

U.S. Embassy Lisbon, Portugal
(+351) 21-727-3300
conslisbon@state.gov