COVID-19 Information

Last updated: November 8, 2021

Entry and Exit Requirements: United States

*** Effective November 8, 2021, all non-immigrant, non-U.S. citizen air travelers to the United States will be required to be fully vaccinated and to provide proof of vaccination status prior to boarding an airplane to the United States.

U.S. citizens and Legal Permanent Residents (LPRs) who are eligible to travel but are not fully vaccinated will need to provide proof of a negative COVID-19 test conducted one (1) calendar day before their flight.  U.S citizens and LPRs who are fully vaccinated will need to present airlines with proof of vaccination and of a negative COVID-19 test conducted three (3) calendar days before their flight.

Exemptions will be considered by the CDC on an extremely limited basis. Please visit the CDC webpages for more information about exemptions and the requirement for proof of negative COVID-19 test or recovery from COVID-19 for all air passengers arriving in the United States

Find out what is required before traveling to the United States by air: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/travelers/international-travel/travel-assessment/

Testing / Vaccination Requirements for U.S. Citizens (incl. LPRs and U.S. Nationals)

Adults

  • Fully vaccinated U.S. citizens must show 1) proof of vaccination and 2) a negative COVID test result taken within three days of travel.
    • That means that all fully vaccinated U.S. citizens traveling to the United States should be prepared to present documentation of their vaccination status alongside their negative test result.
  • U.S. citizens who cannot demonstrate proof of full vaccination will now have to show documentation of a negative test within one day of departure.

Children

  • Children under 2: Children under two years of age are excepted from the testing requirement, however the CDC recommends a pre-departure test for these children whenever possible.
  • Vaccinated Children: Vaccinated children are eligible to travel alone; must show 1) proof of vaccination and 2) a negative COVID test result taken within three days of travel.
  • Unvaccinated Children: Children between 2 and 17 are required to take a pre-departure test but are not required to be fully vaccinated.
  • Traveling with a vaccinated adult: If an unvaccinated S. citizen child is traveling with a fully vaccinated adult, 1) the accompanying adult must demonstrate proof of vaccination 2) the child must have a negative COVID test result taken within three days of travel.
  • Traveling with an unvaccinated adult: If an unvaccinated U.S. citizen child is traveling with an unvaccinated adult(s), the child must have a negative COVID test result taken within one days of travel.
  • Traveling Alone: U.S. citizen child is traveling alone the child must have a negative COVID test result taken within one day of travel.

Testing / Vaccination Requirements for Non-U.S. Citizens

     Adults

  • Noncitizens seeking to enter the United States by air must show 1) proof of vaccination and 2) a negative COVID test result taken within three days of travel.

Children

  • Children under 2: Children under two years of age are excepted from the testing requirement, however the CDC recommends a pre-departure test for these children whenever possible.
  • Vaccinated Children: Vaccinated children who are eligible to travel alone must show 1) proof of vaccination and 2) a negative COVID test result taken within three days of travel.
  • Unvaccinated Children: Children between 2 and 17 are required to take a pre-departure test but are not required to be fully vaccinated.
    • Traveling with a vaccinated adult: If an unvaccinated non-U.S. citizen child is traveling with a fully vaccinated adult, proof of vaccination 1) the accompanying adult must demonstrate proof of vaccination 2) the child must have a negative COVID test result taken within three days of travel.
    • Traveling with an unvaccinated adult: Non-citizen children traveling with unvaccinated, non-citizen parents are not eligible for travel.
    • Traveling Alone: Unvaccinated non-citizen children traveling alone are not eligible for travel.

Proof of Vaccination: Proof of vaccination should be a paper or digital record issued by an official source and should include the traveler’s name and date of birth as well as the vaccine product and date(s) of administration for all doses the traveler received.

Returning on an Expired U.S. Passport: If you are overseas and your passport expired on or after January 1, 2020, you may be able to use your expired passport to return directly to the United States until December 31, 2021. You may qualify for this exception if all the following are true:

  • You are a U.S. citizen.
  • You are currently abroad seeking direct return to the United States.
  • You are flying directly to the United States, a United States territory, or have only short-term transit (“connecting flights”) through a foreign country on your direct return to the United States or to a United States Territory.
  • Obtaining a fall validity passport as soon as possible is still recommended

Please read https://travel.state.gov/content/travel/en/international-travel.html for more information.

Country Specific Information

Non-essential travel to Portugal is PERMITTED. Non-essential travel (i.e., tourist travel) from the United States to Portugal is currently permitted for travelers with proof of a negative COVID-19 test (see below for testing details). Though tourist travel is permitted by Portugal, the Department of State advises against all non-essential travel.

Mandatory Quarantines and Testing Requirements in effect. Attempts to exit customs or board a flight with a positive COVID test will result in a ten-day quarantine at the traveler’s expense. U.S. citizens using the same day testing option at the airport and receiving a positive COVID test result will be detained, sometimes for hours, until transportation and quarantine accommodation can be arranged at the traveler’s expense.  For this reason, we strongly discourage same day testing at the airport.

Azores and Madeira may have different requirements than mainland Portugal. Please consult the specific sections below for additional requirements in effect for these autonomous regions.

COVID-19 Testing

  • Are PCR and/or antigen tests available for U.S. citizens in Portugal? Yes
  • If so, are test results reliably available within 72 hours? Yes
  • Please use an Authorized Laboratory for all testing requirements.
  • For information on limited humanitarian exemptions to CDC’s requirements please visit the Entry Requirements site
    • Humanitarian exemptions to this order will be granted on an extremely limited basis and will only be considered when the country of departure lacks adequate COVID-19 testing capacity. To submit information in support of an exemption, email LisbonCDCWaivers@state.gov.
  • For the nearest testing facilities and collection consult Portuguese health authorities (SNS) using the Portuguese COVID-19 Health Hotlines:
    • Mainland Portugal – (+ 351) 808 24 24 24 (Press 9 for English)
    • Azores – (+351) 808 24 60 24
    • Madeira – (+351) 800 24 24 20

COVID-19 Vaccine Information

Entry and Exit Requirements: PORTUGAL

Opening information US Citizens:

  • Are U.S. citizens permitted to enter? Yes
  • Is a negative COVID-19 test (PCR and/or serology) required for entry? Yes
  • Are health screening procedures in place at airports and other ports of entry? Yes (Airport temperature scans and random screenings)

Travel Requirements: All authorized travelers arriving from the United States, except for children under 12 years old must submit:

  1. Testing/Vaccination Documentation (one of the following):
    • EU Digital Vaccination Certificate, or
    • NAAT test within 72 hours. A negative SARSCoV-2 lab result of a nucleic acid amplification test (NAAT), for example a PCR test, performed at least 72 hours before boarding, or
    • TRAg test within 48 hours. A rapid antigen test (TRAg), performed within 48 hours of boarding
  2. Passenger Locator Card must be completed and submitted. (Different airlines require completion of form before take-off. We advise completing and printing prior to scheduled travel)
    ***Passengers without a negative test result may be subject to mandatory testing at the airport at their own expense upon arrival, in addition to a mandatory quarantine by Portuguese health authorities until a negative COVID test can be produced.

Accommodation Requirements: Hotels, Guesthouses, and private vacation rentals (Airbnb, VRBO, etc.). One of the following is now required upon check-in. Accommodations may have different testing requirements, so it is best to check with your hotel before booking/arriving.

  • Mandatory submission of an EU Digital Vaccination Certificate or
  • A negative COVID test result (PCR 72 hours; antigen 48 hours; rapid test before health official 24 hours) or
  • A rapid test immediately on arrival in front of an employee at offering hotels.

U.S. Citizens: Are U.S. citizens permitted to enter Portugal? Yes. Current regulations allow U.S. citizens to travel directly from the United States to Portugal for non-essential travel (i.e. tourism) with proof of an accepted COVID-19 test.

  • Expired Portuguese document validity was extended until December 31, 2021. This extended validity period applies to Portuguese-issued, citizen cards (cartão de cidadão), residency documents and visa permits, etc. for lawful stays or residency in Portugal.
    • This extended validity of visas and other documentation is contingent upon submission of a request for an appointment with SEF.
    • For more information and guidance, contact the nearest Portuguese Embassy or Consulate or the Portuguese immigration authorities at the following link: pt
  • Travelers holding a residency permit or possessing a residency visa issued by the Portuguese authorities, or legal residents of an EU country or family members of an EU citizen, are also allowed to enter or transit Portugal for non-essential travel. Essential travel as determined by Portuguese authorities is currently permitted such as for professional purposes, study, family reunification, medical, or humanitarian travel.
    • Non-essential travel (tourist travel) from the European Union, from Schengen-associated countries (Liechtenstein, Norway, Iceland, Switzerland), and from the U.K. is also allowed.
    • Long-term visa holders, such as students, may be permitted, but travelers should contact the nearest Portuguese Embassy or Consulate to confirm that their visa permits entry.
    • Borders: Land borders between Portugal and Spain are open.

Important Entry Information: Permission for entering Portugal is the sole responsibility of the Portuguese Government. As part of the admission process prior to boarding flights and at the border, travelers must present written evidence or the appropriate visa permitting entry to Portugal.   Please note that Portuguese Immigration (SEF) does not review evidence and does not make any determination about admission prior to the travelers’ arrival at the border control.

Air Travel

Purchasing Airline Tickets:  Airlines continue to sell tickets for travel between the United States and Portugal. Embassy Lisbon strongly encourages prospective travelers to thoroughly review all information on this page and confirm requirements with airlines for confirmation of their eligibility to travel to Portugal, before purchasing tickets.

  • Confirm Entry Eligibility: Please confirm your eligibility to enter or transit Portugal with the Portuguese Embassy/Consulate and/or airline
  • Confirm Return Eligibility: Entry and exit requirements between the US and Portugal differ. Citizens who live in the United States and wish to return should do so through the commercial flight options that currently exist. The U.S. Government does not anticipate arranging repatriation flights from Portugal.
  • Review Policies: Review the airline’s policy on refunds before purchasing tickets.
  • Be Aware: Suspension of flights, mandatory confinement, and other additional measures may occur with little or no warning. Travelers should be prepared for additional travel restrictions to be put into effect with little or no advance notice.

Azores Specific

  • Passengers aged 12 and older arriving to the Azores, even on domestic flights from outside the Azores, must either submit one of the following:
    • An EU digital Covid certificate (other proof of vaccination, such as a white CDC card, is not acceptable at this time); or
    • A negative COVID-19 RT-PCR test taken 72 hours prior to departure; or
    • A negative rapid antigen test (TRAg) performed within 48 hours of boarding; or
    • Proof of recovery from the disease within the last 90 days; or
    • Must test upon arrival and remain in isolation until the results are known. [Note: this option is not available from the United States.  Travelers from the United States must submit proof listed above prior to boarding.]
  • To speed the process on arrival, the Regional Government of the Azores suggests travelers complete a health questionnaire at least 72 hours before disembarking.
  • Tests for travel to the United States are readily available at labs and pharmacies in the Azores on Monday – Friday. Please note that testing is not available/extremely limited on weekends. Those travelling to the United States on the weekend or on Monday should account for the lack of testing on weekends when making plans.
  • For more information on testing and other requirements, visit: Covid19Azores. For more information on entry requirements, visit: SEF Covid 19 FAQS.

Madeira Specific

  • Anyone arriving to Madeira, even on domestic flights from outside Madeira, must either provide proof of a negative COVID-19 test taken 72 hours prior to departure or provide proof of vaccination or recovery from the disease. To speed the process on arrival, the Regional Government of Madeira suggests travelers complete a health questionnaire between 48 and 12 hours prior to disembarking.
  • For more information on testing and other requirements, visit Covid19Madeira. For more information on entry requirements, visit: SEF Covid 19 FAQS

Country Opening Status (Portugal)

Portugal is in a countrywide State of Alert. Under the State of Alert, the Portuguese Government can impose obligatory quarantine for individuals infected with COVID-19 and individuals deemed by health officials to require special medical observation. The Government of Portugal announced a phased deconfinement plan for the gradual lifting of restrictions based on the overall vaccination rate in Portugal. The plan, implemented in three phases, is currently in Phase 3.

Phase 3

  • Restaurants, bars, disco, cafés, and cultural events/shows continue to function under normal hours at full capacity. Weddings, christenings, and similar celebrations now at full capacity
  • Elimination of capacity restrictions on public transport (including taxis and Ubers)
  • Max capacity at commercial/retail spaces increased (venue dependent)
  • Safety Measures
  • Masks:
    • Indoors: Continues to be mandatory while using public transportation, elder care facilities, hospitals, theaters, large event spaces such as stadiums and arena, public spaces such as shopping centers, and supermarkets
    • Outdoors: Protective masks are recommended when social distancing is not possible, such as large events, and for vulnerable citizens.
  • Distancing: Social Distancing measures are recommended (to include mandatory use of protective masks in closed public spaces).
  • Curfews: Is a curfew in place? No.

Venue Specific COVID Opening Status / Information

Vaccine/Testing Requirements: A digital vaccine certificate or a negative COVID 19 test is required for air and sea travel, cultural, sporting, and business events, residential for elderly, hospitals, bares and discos.

  • Cafés and Restaurants: Full capacity permitted
  • Schools: In-person classes open for all schools and universities.
  • Museums, conference, and cultural centers: Open to the public.
  • Grocery stores and supermarkets: Regular business hours with mask.
  • Public Services: Lojas do Cidadão Open for in-person services
  • Stores and shopping centers: Regular business hours with mask in malls.
  • Sports: Venue-specific. Spectators must adhere to DGS rules and regulations.
  • Gymnasiums: Fully open in accordance with DGS health and safety regulations
  • Cultural events: Open to the public at full capacity.
  • Hairdressers, manicurists, and barbers: Open to the public.
  • Weddings and baptisms: Full capacity permitted.

Movement Restrictions

Is a curfew in place? No

Are there restrictions on intercity or interstate travel? No

Quarantine Information

Quarantine Information: Attempting to pass immigration authorities or board a plane with a positive COVID test will result in a 10-day quarantine. Due to increased instances of mandatory detention by health authorities, we do not recommend same day airport testing.

Can U.S. citizens be required to quarantine? Yes. Travelers are not able to board an outbound flight from Portugal to the United States without a negative COVID test.  Under the State of Contingency, the Portuguese Government can impose mandatory quarantine for individuals who test positive for COVID-19 and individuals deemed by health officials to require special medical observation.

  • Rapid Tests at Airports Strongly Discouraged: We have seen increased instances of travelers attempting to complete a rapid test at the airport, only to receive a positive test result and be detained, sometimes for hours, and forced to quarantine for the mandatory 10 days at the traveler’s expense.
  • Positive tests from vaccinated persons: There have also been several instances of positive tests from vaccinated individuals. Despite being asymptomatic, individuals have been forced to take an ambulance to quarantine facilities to wait the required 10 days, at the traveler’s expense.
  • Breakthrough Cases: There have also been several instances of breakthrough cases. Vaccinated individuals should remain vigilant and ensure that they adhere to all COVID restrictions and health guidelines.
  • U.S. Embassy Lisbon is unable to help travelers avoid or shorten government-mandated quarantines.

Transportation Options

Are commercial flights operating? yes

Is public transportation operating? Yes

Fines for Non-Compliance

  • Non-compliance with restrictions and measures can be punishable with fines and /or prosecution for “disobedience”.
  • Failure to present a COVID-19 test at the airport upon arrival in Portugal is a violation resulting in fines from 300€ to 800€. Portuguese authorities will enforce this requirement.

Consular Operations

Due to the COVID-19 situation in Portugal and for the health and safety of the public and our personnel, routine consular services have resumed with the requirements to wear masks and adhere to social distancing.

  • American Citizen Services are being offered online for routine services. Please visit our website at pt.usembassy.gov for more information.
    • Emergency: If you have an emergency, contact the American Citizen Services Unit at conslisbon@state.gov
  • Visa Services have been significantly reduced, but will resume on November 8, 2021. Please visit our website at pt.usembassy.gov for more information related to visa services and new vaccine travel requirements.

Local Resources

Other Links

Assistance

U.S. Embassy Lisbon, Portugal
(+351) 21-727-3300
conslisbon@state.gov